Mikhail Fridman and Petr Aven set to offload Alfa-Bank stake in $2.3bn deal
Russian billionaires Mikhail Fridman and Petr Aven are primed to dump their stakes in Alfa-Financial institution in a $2.3bn sale of Russia’s largest personal lender, as they search to free themselves from western sanctions.
The oligarchs’ longtime enterprise associate Andrei Kosogov, who has not been focused by sanctions, has agreed to purchase the Russian financial institution for Rbs178bn ($2.3bn) from its Cyprus-based mum or dad firm, in line with 4 individuals with direct data of the settlement and paperwork detailing its phrases. Topic to regulatory approval, London-based Fridman and Aven, who has additionally left Russia, would stop to be oblique shareholders of Alfa-Financial institution, they added.
The Russian oligarchs are combating western sanctions imposed on them over their alleged ties to the Kremlin. The US and UK positioned punitive measures on Alfa-Financial institution final 12 months after Vladimir Putin’s invasion of Ukraine, whereas the EU launched its measures final month.
Fridman and Aven have obtained no indication that promoting Alfa-Financial institution will persuade the EU to take away the sanctions, which member states are resulting from lengthen by March 15.
Fridman, who grew up in Ukraine, made his fortune in Russia and moved to London in 2015, has lengthy disputed claims he’s near the Kremlin. He and Aven personal 45 per cent of Alfa-Financial institution between them by way of a Luxembourg-based holding firm which in flip controls the financial institution’s Cypriot mum or dad firm.
They “need to do every little thing they’ll to get out of their Russian belongings in order that sanctions will likely be eliminated,” one of many individuals with data of the transaction mentioned.
The sale is because of be finalised later this spring and is topic to approval from regulators, together with the Russian central financial institution and tax authorities. Approval from sanctions authorities within the US and EU could also be required too. Earlier than the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the financial institution had a ebook worth of $10.6bn.
Fridman and Aven declined to remark. Kosogov confirmed a sale had been agreed, declining to remark additional.
The transaction is “an attractive deal on paper” as a result of, with the deal between Kosogov and the Cypriot entity, not one of the events are underneath sanctions, one of many individuals with data of the matter mentioned.
“Fridman and Aven escape sanctions, Kosogov will get the financial institution, and the financial institution has one single Russian shareholder”, the individual mentioned.
Finalising the deal may very well be troublesome due to the complexity of acquiring regulatory approval in a number of jurisdictions, two of the individuals cautioned nonetheless.
The oligarchs, who’ve challenged the EU sanctions in court docket, have submitted letters of assist from Russian opposition figures resembling jailed conflict critic Ilya Yashin and Leonid Volkov, the pinnacle of jailed opposition chief Alexei Navalny’s Anti-Corruption Basis. The letters have prompted a stir in Russian opposition circles, prompting Volkov to say that signing them was a “large political mistake.”
Greater than two dozen Russian oligarchs have launched authorized challenges towards western sanctions. A couple of, together with Fridman’s ex-wife and the mom of Yevgeny Prigozhin, the pinnacle of the Wagner mercenary group, have gained court docket selections towards EU sanctions deemed to fall wanting the bloc’s standards for such measures.
The Alfa-Financial institution sale can also be designed to ease strain on the financial institution in Russia, the place the Kremlin’s counter-sanctions towards “unfriendly international locations” have created difficulties for Alfa’s governance and talent to entry state funding, the individuals mentioned.
Aven left Russia shortly after attending a roundtable with Putin on the day the conflict broke out, and has but to return. Fridman continues to dwell within the UK. He owns a £65mn dwelling in north London.
In a submitting launched final month, earlier than the EU sanctioned Alfa-Financial institution, ABH Monetary Restricted, the Cyprus-based firm, mentioned it was pressing “to get rid of this controversial asset with a purpose to keep away from additional regulatory, political and reputational implications.”
Proudly owning the financial institution was “poisonous” for its beneficiaries, who have been “eager to keep up their standing of worldwide buyers,” ABH Monetary mentioned within the submitting. Italian lender UniCredit and a most cancers basis run by a former Alfa-Financial institution prime govt maintain stakes within the Luxembourg-based firm controlling the Cyprus firm, alongside Fridman, Aven and Kosogov.
The previous head of Alfa’s funding unit, Kosogov had the smallest stake and quietest public profile of the 5 businessmen till final March, when the UK and EU sanctioned Fridman, Aven, and their companions German Khan and Alexei Kuzmichev.
Khan and Kuzmichev gave their stakes within the Luxembourg firm to Kosogov, boosting his stake to 41 per cent, in addition to their shares in LetterOne, the London-based funding automobile the oligarchs based in 2013.
UniCredit declined to remark. Alfa-Financial institution and its ABH Monetary didn’t reply to requests for remark.
Further reporting by Anastasia Stognei in Riga, Henry Foy in Brussels, and Owen Walker in London